Did this teacher set them up for better mental and physical health later? According to the research, the answer is yes.
We often think about the sweet power of friendship between children, and the intense friendships that form between adolescents. But close, positive bonds with teachers are also important and can have long lasting effects on health.
Research published by the American Psychological Association in the journal School Psychology looked at the relationship between warm, supportive teachers and how healthy their students later turned out to be. It looked at data from 20,000 participants in the United States, following them longitudinally for 13 years from 7th grade into early adulthood.
Researchers assessed the physical health of the subjects, measuring quantitative factors such as blood pressure and body mass index. They also asked them about their mental health. And they asked questions such as: “How often have you had trouble getting along with your teachers?” and “How much do you agree your teachers care about you?”
Participants who had reported good relationships with their peers and teachers in middle school and high school had better health outcomes in their early 20s. But interestingly, because the study also included 3,400 pairs of siblings, the researchers could study whether family background was a factor. Once family background was accounted for, only the link between good teacher relationships and adult health remained significant.
“This research suggests that improving students’ relationships with teachers could have important, positive and long-lasting effects beyond just academic success,” the author of the study, Jinho Kim, Ph.D., wrote. Kim is an assistant professor in the Department of Health Policy and Management at Korea University. “It could also have important health implications in the long run.”
As a music educator, you already know the power of inspiration and how important teachers are. The study’s results suggest that teacher relationships are even more important than previously realized and that schools should invest in training teachers on how to build warm and supportive relationships with their students, according to Kim. He observes, “This is not something that most teachers receive much training in, but it should be.”
Let’s start with the little details — the most basic ways to build a positive relationship with your music students.
Then there are the bigger-picture ways of encouraging participation, self-expression and a sense of community within your student groups. These take more effort, but lead to lasting positive relationships. A good resource for creating defining, unforgettable moments is the book "The Power of Moments," by Chip and Dan Heath.